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Luigi Villari

FIRE AND SWORD IN THE CAUCASUS


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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

TUMBUL NEAR NAKHITCHEVAN. ARMENIAN HOUSE PLUNDERED BY TARTARS Frontispiece
WEST CAUCASIAN TYPES, NEAR BATUM Facing. p. 32
ARDILER ON THE BLACK SEA 37
GAGRY ON THE BLACK SEA 37
MINGRELIAN CARTS 45
“THE LAND OF THE GOLDEN FLEECE.” THE MOUTH OF THE RION 45
THE “TZESAREVICH GEORGII” 47
BATUM. MOHAMMEDANS RETURNING FROM THE MOSQUE AFTER PRAYERS 47
BATUM. COSSACKS ON GUARD AT THE BLACK AND CASPIAN NAPHTHA AND TRADING COMPANY'S CASE OIL WORKS 54
CHAKVA, NEAR BATUM. DRYING TEA-LEAVES ON THE IMPERIAL ESTATE 59
MOHAMMEDAN AT PRAYER 59
KUTAIS. GEORGIAN TYPES 62
„ HOUSES AND GARDENS ON THE RION 64
„ PRIMITIVE NATIVE CARTS 64
MONASTERY OF GHELATI, NEAR KUTAIS 69
A GEORGIAN PRIEST 69
OZURGETY. GURIAN TYPES AT THE POPULAR TRIBUNAL 93
„ THE POPULAR TRIBUNAL 93
„ A VOTER AT THE POPULAR TRIBUNAL 97
„ THE DESERTED COURT-HOUSE 98
MONASTERY OF MOTZAMETY, NEAR KUTAIS 98
TIFLIS. A COSSACK ON THE VORONTZOFF BRIDGE 102
„ GROUP OF HIGHLANDERS 102
„ THE MAIDAN, OR TARTAR QUARTER, AND CITADEL 107
„ TARTAR TYPES 110
„ NATIVE CART, WITH BUFFALOES 112
„ MARTIAL LAW: THE SEARCH FOR ARMS 120
„ „ „ AN ARREST 129
„ „ „ PEOPLE SEARCHED FOR ARMS 129
IN THE KARABAGH STEPPE. A SLEEPING TOWER 177
CAMELS IN THE CAUCASUS 177
BAKU. GENERAL VIEW OF THE HARBOUR 184
„ THE BIBI EYBAT OIL-FIELDS 184
„ THE OFFICIAL RESIDENCE OF THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL 191
„ COSSACK PATROL ON THE QUAY 191
„ A QUIET DRIVE, WITH A SOLDIER ON THE BOX 193
„ BIBI EYBAT OIL-FIELDS. THE RUINS 193
„ RUINED DERRICKS AT BIBI EYBAT 197
„ AFTER THE FIRES AT BIBI EYBAT
197
„ CORPSES IN THE CEMETERY AT BALAKHANY
202
„ TARTAR WORKMEN
206
„ ARMENIAN WORKMEN
206
„ MOUNT ARARAT 209

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ARMENIAN TYPES Facing. p. 212
ERIVAN. CARTS IN THE BAZAR 217
„ SHOPS 217
„ IN THE BAZAR 220
„ TARTARS IN THE BAZAR 220
„ IN THE COURTYARD OF THE MOSQUE CALLED GOK DJAMI 224
ETCHMIADZIN. OUTSIDE THE WALLS 233
„ THE RESERVOIR 233
„ CATHEDRAL OF ST. GREGORY THE ILLUMINATOR 237
„ ARMENIAN BOYS AT THE ACADEMY 240
„ ARMENIAN BOYS; ARCHIMANDRITE IN THE CENTRE 240
COSSACK TYPES IN THE TRAIN EN D'ESHABILLE
251
ON THE ROAD TO PERSIA. WAYSIDE STATION
256
„ „ SOLDIERS AT NURASHEN 256
„ „ TARTAR PASSENGERS FORAGING 260
„ „ THE OLD METHOD OF CONVEYANCE AND THE NEW 263
„ „ NAKHITCHEVAN STATION 263
NAKHITCHEVAN. GUARDIANS OF LAW AND ORDER 265
„ SOLDIERS IN THE BAZAR
265
„ TARTAR TYPES IN THE BAZAR
267
„ ARMENIAN SHOPS PLUNDERED BY TARTARS 267
„ CORPSES OF ARMENIANS AFTER THE MAY MASSACRE
270
„ A SHIAH MULLAH 271
„ THE TOWER OF THE KHANS 273
„ ARMENIAN VILLAGE. PRIEST’S HOUSE 273
ARMENIAN VILLAGE GUARD AT ALAGÖZ-MAZRA 277
GROUP OF ARMENIAN VILLAGERS AT NAZARABAD 278
NURASHEN. ARMENIAN CHURCH SACKED BY TARTARS 282
DJAGRY. GENERAL VIEW 283
„ HOUSE OF A RICH ARMENIAN BURNT BY TARTARS 285
„ TARTARS AT THE INN 288
GYAZ. ARMENIAN CHURCH PLUNDERED BY TARTARS 290
VILLAGE GUARD AT KHAL-KHAL 292
ANI CAVE DWELLINGS 292
ANI. WALLS VIEWED FROM WITHIN 297
„ WALLS VIEWED FROM OUTSIDE 297
„ THE CATHEDRAL 298
„ CHURCH OF ST. GREGORY 303
„ THE CASTLE 305
„ GROUP OF TARTAR CHILDREN 310
THE GEORGIAN ROAD. VIEW OF MTZKHET 313
„ „ VIEW OF DUSHET 313
„ „ GUDAUR AND THE SEVEN BROTHERS 315
„ „ NATIVE CARTS AT KAZBEK 317
„ „ PUBLIC DILIGENCE 317
„ „ KOBI 318
„ „ VIEW OF THE KAZBEK 320
„ „ DARIAL PASS 322
ROSTOFF-ON-THE-DON. BURNT JEWISH HOUSES 322
„ „ INTERIOR OF THE SYNAGOGUE AFTER THE POGROM
325
KUTAIS. SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC DEMONSTRATION IN OCTOBER 331
„ COSSACKS ON GUARD 331

 


Table of contents
Cover and pp. 1-4 | Prefatory note | Table of contents (as in the book) | List of illustrations
“Chronological table of recent events in the Caucasus”
1. The Caucasus, its peoples, and its history | 2. Eastward ho! | 3. Batum
4. Kutais and the Georgian movement | 5. The Gurian “republic” | 6. Tiflis
7. Persons and politics in the Caucasian capital
8. Armenians, Tartars, and the Russian government
9. Baku and the Armeno-Tartar feud | 10. Bloodshed and fire in the oil city
11. The land of Ararat | 12. The heart of Armenia | 13. Russia's new route to Persia
14. Nakhitchevan and the May massacres | 15. Alexandropol and Ani
16. Over the frosty Caucasus | 17. Recent events in the Caucasus | Index

 

Acknowledgements:

Source: Villari, Luigi. Fire and Sword in the Caucasus by Luigi Villari author of “Russia under the Great Shadow”, “Giovanni Segantini,” etc. London, T. F. Unwin, 1906
Provided by: Aram Arkun, Krikor and Clara Zohrab Information Center
Scanned by: Karen Vrtanesyan
OCR: Karen Vrtanesyan

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See also:
The Flame of Old Fires by Pavel Shekhtman (in Russian)
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